Each region has an ideal type of clone that adapts better to its soil and climate.
See on the map the clones we recommend for each region of the country.
This recommendation is valid for normal situations and locations up to 700-800 meters above sea level. For higher altitudes or areas with specific risks (Eucalyptus weevil, frost, drought, etc.), contact your forest association or our nurseries to identify alternatives, which may include special care with the cultures, specific clones or other species of eucalyptus.
Recommended Good Practices
For the installation of eucalyptus stands, it is important to consider a set of good practices. From transport to planting, there are precautions that must be taken and which will contribute to the success of your eucalyptus plantation.
When the property is located in a zone where there is strong frost, planting should take place in the spring so as to avoid the period of greatest risk.
In situations where flooding is not a risk, prepare the soil in contour lines, with ripping/subsoiling (without a deep trench) or beaconing with a ditch and bed for the steepest situations (up to 25% inclination/slope), and place the plant in the center of the mobilized line.
When the land suffers temporary flooding periods, the soil should be prepared in ditch and bed, and the planting lines should be oriented in a way that favors the flow of excess water (in “fishbone” format). The plant should be placed in the middle or upper third of the bed (never place the plant on the bottom of the ditch if there is a risk of the soil becoming drenched).
Another forest species should be selected if the soil is permanently drenched.
Ensure the transport conditions do not damage the plants: avoid direct exposure to the wind (transport in a closed truck or covered van), do not bend the plants, and ensure sturdy structures for stacked transport.
Avoid placing the plant boxes directly on the ground and in humid places.
Leave space between the boxes to allow for aeration of the plants.
Avoid direct exposure of the plant boxes to the sun and to overshading. We recommended the use of a shading net so that plants receive about 50% of direct sunlight.
Perform irrigation whenever needed to keep the plant substrate moist.
The soil must be ready for planting and must be moist during planting.
The plant should be watered immediately before planting – the “clod” with the roots should be moist.
The planting can be done by opening a hole with a hoe, about 20 to 30 cm deep, or a small hole made with a planting iron or pipe.
Place the plant upright in the planting hole.
Discard all plants that are not suitable for planting: plants with destroyed root system, without the top, etc.
When planting, place 30 g of a fully enveloped controlled-release fertilizer such as NPK 14-12-9 or 11-22-9, with a release period of 8 to 9 months, at the bottom of the planting hole, following the manufacturer’s instructions.
In addition, phosphate fertilization of 20 g should be made at around 150 days using Superphosphate 18% per plant, placing half on each side of the plant, about 20-30 cm from it, and added in 10-15 cm of surface soil.
Alternatively, use only controlled-release fertilizers at the bottom of the planting hole, 60 g of 11-22-9 per plant, in the Center and North of the country, or 45 g of 20-18-13 per plant in the South of the country.